Axe Making in Maine
With its extensive logging industry Maine was a busy hub of axe production in the United States. More than 300 axe manufacturers have been identified operating in Maine between 1800 and 1960.
Oakland, Maine with a population of around 2,000 in 1900 supported more than a dozen axe factories including Emerson & Stevens, Spiller and Dunn Edge Tool – some of today’s most sought after vintage axes.
Production at Emerson & Stevens shop in Oakland was captured in this film made in 1964 just months before the company ceased production. It is a fascinating glimpse into the way axes were made by Maine craftsmen.
More detailed information on axe making in Maine, the stories behind the companies and their famous brands can be found on our blog posts:
- Axe Makers of Maine, Donald G. Yeaton and Art Gaffer (self-published)
- Oakland, Maine, Oakland Area Historical Society (Arcadia, Portsmouth, NH 2004)
- “Oakland, Maine Axes and Other Edge Tools,” The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, September, 1981.
- Registry of Maine Toolmakers, H.G. Brack (Davistown Museum, ME 2010)
- "Oakland Axes," Memories of Maine, Summer, 2014